Minister of Justice Tang Yijun expounded on how to promote overall law-based governance during China's 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) period, in a recent interview with Xinhua News Agency.
According to Tang, who is also the deputy-director of the Office of the Commission for Overall Law-based Governance of the CPC Central Committee, China will integrate the construction of a law-based state, government and society, and implement the top-level design for overall law-based governance over the next five years.
Promoting the rule of law under three documents
Tang disclosed that the office is currently working on an outline for building a law-based government between 2021 and 2025 which, together with the two existing outlines for building a law-based state and society, will serve as a general blueprint and roadmap for promoting the rule of law in China during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.
"Our next major task is to advance the building of a law-based state, government and society in an integrated manner, " he said.
He noted that to build a law-based state, China will step up efforts to build a complete system of laws and regulations, an efficient system for law enforcement, a rigorous legal supervision system, a strong system of legal guarantees, and a sound system of intra-Party regulations.
As for the building of a law-based government, efforts will be made to continue the establishment of demonstration law-based governments and related supervision, standardize administrative decision-making procedures, and maximize the role of legal counsels and government lawyers in conducting law-based decision-making of the Party and government agencies, said Tang.
He also vowed to integrate self-governance, the rule of law and the rule of virtue, consolidate the system of social norms, and improve the preventative legal system, so as to build a law-based society.
Focusing on forging a new development paradigm
According to Tang, contributing to the building of a new development paradigm will be a key task of the judicial administrative work.
He noted that legislative progress will be made not only in such areas as national security, technological innovation, public health, biological safety, ecological civilization, risk prevention and foreign-related rule of law, but also for the application of such new technologies as the digital economy, internet finance, artificial intelligence, big data and cloud computing.
Apart from legislative improvements, China will also be dedicated to improving its "soft environment" by building a market-oriented, law-based and international business environment, enhancing law enforcement and judicial protection of property rights, strengthening law enforcement and judicial activities in anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition, improving laws and regulations on intellectual property rights (IPR) protection, tightening IPR law enforcement, preventing and diffusing economic and social risks, and cracking down on crimes that disrupt the social order, according to Tang.
Solving prominent issues and improving public legal services
"It is the people who are the broadest and profoundest foundation of overall law-based governance," said Tang who added that the prominent issues in law enforcement and the judiciary should be solved in order to enhance people's sense of gain, happiness and safety.
According to him, relevant departments will be urged to investigate and offer solutions to the problems related to law enforcement and judicial activities that concern the public the most.
Efforts will also be made to build a coordinated supervision system for administrative law enforcement that covers four administrative levels from province to township, and to further improve the mechanism for the exercise of law enforcement and judicial powers, said Tang.
He also disclosed that China will encourage and guide social resources to participate in public legal services, formulate a services list, establish a system for cross-regional legal service flow, and deepen reforms to public notary and arbitration systems.
As for rural areas, Tang said that the country will continue to build model villages that promote the rule of law, advance the development of a one-stop diversified dispute resolution mechanism, reinforce rural people’s mediation organizations, and improve law-based rural governance.